R Dataset / Package pscl / RockTheVote

Submitted by pmagunia on March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Attachment Size
dataset-47564.csv 2.71 KB
Documentation

Voter turnout experiment, using Rock The Vote ads

Description

Voter turnout data spanning 85 cable TV systems, randomly allocated to a voter mobilization experiment targetting 18-19 year olds with "Rock the Vote" television advertisments

Usage

data(RockTheVote)

Format

A data frame with 85 observations on the following 6 variables.

strata

numeric, experimental strata

treated

numeric, 1 if a treated cable system, 0 otherwise

r

numeric, number of 18 and 19 year olds turning out

n

numeric, number of 19 and 19 year olds registered

p

numeric, proportion of 18 and 19 year olds turning out

treatedIndex

numeric, a counter indexing the 42 treated units

Details

Green and Vavreck (2008) implemented a cluster-randomized experimental design in assessing the effects of a voter mobilization treatment in the 2004 U.S. Presidential election. The clusters in this design are geographic areas served by a single cable television system. So as to facilitate analysis, the researchers restricted their attention to small cable systems whose reach is limited to a single zip code. Further, since the experiment was fielded during the last week of the presidential election, the researchers restricted their search to cable systems that were not in the 16 hotly-contested “battleground” states (as designated by the Los Angeles Times).

Eighty-five cable systems were available for randomization and were assigned to treatment after stratification on previous turnout levels in presidential elections (as determined from analysis of the corresponding states' voter registration files). Each cable system was matched with one or sometimes two other cable systems in the same state, yielding 40 strata. Then within each strata, cable systems were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions. Strata 3, 8 and 25 have two control cable systems and 1 treated system each, while strata 6 and 20 have two treated cable systems and one control system. The remaining 35 strata have 1 treated cable system and 1 control system. In this way there are 38 + 4 = 42 treated systems, spanning 40 experiment strata.

The treatment involved researchers purchasing prime-time advertising spots on four channels in the respective cable system in which the researchers aired voter mobilization ads. The ads were produced by Rock the Vote, targeted at younger voters, and aired four times per night, per channel, over the last eight days of the election campaign. After the election, public records were consulted to assemble data on turnout levels in the treated and control cable systems. In the analysis reported in Green and Vavreck (2008), the researchers focused on turnout among registered voters aged 18 and 19 years old.

References

Green, Donald P. and Lynn Vavreck. 2008. Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Experiments: A Comparison of Alternative Estimation Approaches. Political Analysis 16:138-152.

Jackman, Simon, 2009. Bayesian Analysis for the Social Sciences. Wiley: Hoboken, New Jersey. Example 7.9.

Examples

data(RockTheVote)
## estimate MLEs of treatment effects
deltaFunction <- function(data){
  model <- glm(cbind(r,n-r)~treated,
               data=data,
               family=binomial)
  c(coef(model)[2],
    confint(model)[2,])
}
tmp <- by(RockTheVote,
          as.factor(RockTheVote$strata),
          deltaFunction)tmp <- matrix(unlist(tmp),ncol=3,byrow=TRUE)indx <- order(tmp[,1])plot(y=1:40,
     x=tmp[indx,1],
     pch=16,cex=1.25,
     xlim=range(tmp),
     ylab="",
     axes=FALSE,
     xlab="Estimated Treatment Effect (MLEs, Logit Scale)")
text(y=1:40,
     x=par()$usr[1],
     pos=4,
     as.character((1:40)[indx]),
     cex=.5)
segments(x0=tmp[indx,2],
         x1=tmp[indx,3],
         y0=1:40,
         y1=1:40)
axis(1)
axis(3)
abline(v=0)
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0

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