R Dataset / Package lme4 / Pastes
Paste strength by batch and cask
Strength of a chemical paste product; its quality depending on the delivery batch, and the cask within the delivery.
A data frame with 60 observations on the following 4 variables.
delivery batch from which the sample was sample. A factor with 10 levels: ‘A’ to ‘J’.
cask within the delivery batch from which the sample was chosen. A factor with 3 levels: ‘a’ to ‘c’.
the sample of paste whose strength was assayed, two assays per sample. A factor with 30 levels: ‘A:a’ to ‘J:c’.
The data are described in Davies and Goldsmith (1972) as coming from “ deliveries of a chemical paste product contained in casks where, in addition to sampling and testing errors, there are variations in quality between deliveries ... As a routine, three casks selected at random from each delivery were sampled and the samples were kept for reference. ... Ten of the delivery batches were sampled at random and two analytical tests carried out on each of the 30 samples”.
O.L. Davies and P.L. Goldsmith (eds), Statistical Methods in Research and Production, 4th ed., Oliver and Boyd, (1972), section 6.5
str(Pastes) require(lattice) dotplot(cask ~ strength | reorder(batch, strength), Pastes, strip = FALSE, strip.left = TRUE, layout = c(1, 10), ylab = "Cask within batch", xlab = "Paste strength", jitter.y = TRUE) ## Modifying the factors to enhance the plot Pastes <- within(Pastes, batch <- reorder(batch, strength)) Pastes <- within(Pastes, sample <- reorder(reorder(sample, strength), as.numeric(batch))) dotplot(sample ~ strength | batch, Pastes, strip = FALSE, strip.left = TRUE, layout = c(1, 10), scales = list(y = list(relation = "free")), ylab = "Sample within batch", xlab = "Paste strength", jitter.y = TRUE) ## Four equivalent models differing only in specification (fm1 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|sample), Pastes)) (fm2 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch/cask), Pastes)) (fm3 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|batch:cask), Pastes)) (fm4 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch/sample), Pastes)) ## fm4 results in redundant labels on the sample:batch interaction head(ranef(fm4)[]) ## compare to fm1 head(ranef(fm1)[]) ## This model is different and NOT appropriate for these data (fm5 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|cask), Pastes))L <- getME(fm1, "L") Matrix::image(L, sub = "Structure of random effects interaction in pastes model")
Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.
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