R Dataset / Package HSAUR / water

Submitted by pmagunia on March 9, 2018 - 1:06 PM
Dataset License
GNU General Public License v2.0
Attachment Size
dataset-10755.csv 1.66 KB
Documentation

Mortality and Water Hardness

Description

The mortality and drinking water hardness for 61 cities in England and Wales.

Usage

data("water")

Format

A data frame with 61 observations on the following 4 variables.

location

a factor with levels North and South indicating whether the town is as north as Derby.

town

the name of the town.

mortality

averaged annual mortality per 100.000 male inhabitants.

hardness

calcium concentration (in parts per million).

Details

The data were collected in an investigation of environmental causes of disease. They show the annual mortality per 100,000 for males, averaged over the years 1958-1964, and the calcium concentration (in parts per million) in the drinking water for 61 large towns in England and Wales. The higher the calcium concentration, the harder the water. Towns at least as far north as Derby are identified in the table. Here there are several questions that might be of interest including, are mortality and water hardness related, and do either or both variables differ between northern and southern towns?

Source

D. J. Hand, F. Daly, A. D. Lunn, K. J. McConway and E. Ostrowski (1994). A Handbook of Small Datasets, Chapman and Hall/CRC, London.

Examples

  data("water", package = "HSAUR")
  plot(mortality ~ hardness, data = water, 
       col = as.numeric(water$location))
--

Dataset imported from https://www.r-project.org.

Documentation License
GNU General Public License v2.0

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